Breast cancer isn’t a death sentence. When detected early, you increase your chances of surviving this dreaded condition.
Breast cancer risk factors can vary, and some are beyond your control.
However, there are factors that can influence your risk and steps to minimise it:
1. Gender and age: Women are at higher risk, and risk increases with age. Regular breast cancer screenings are essential.
2. Family history: A strong family history of breast cancer may increase your risk. Discuss this with a healthcare provider.
3. Genetics: BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations increase risk. Genetic testing and counselling can help assess your risk.
4. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Long-term use of HRT may increase risk. Discuss the pros and cons with your doctor.
5. Reproductive history: Early menstruation, late menopause, and having your first child after 30 can increase risk.
6. Lifestyle factors: Maintain a healthy lifestyle by eating a balanced diet, staying physically active, limiting alcohol intake, and avoiding smoking.
7. Breastfeeding: Breastfeeding may reduce the risk of breast cancer.
8. Maintaining a healthy weight: Obesity is linked to higher breast cancer risk. Try to maintain a healthy weight through diet and exercise.
9. Regular Screening: Early detection is key. Follow recommended screening guidelines for mammograms and self-exams.
Risk factors can interact in complex ways, and genetics play a significant role.
It’s important to discuss your risk with a healthcare provider and follow their recommendations for screening and prevention